Selasa, 17 Januari 2012

Hymmnos!

FIRST OF ALL, CREDITS GOES TO AQUAGON, THE AMAZING HYMMNOS RESEARCHER.



Well, time to put this up. Here, I'll try to put everything I know about the grammar and syntax for the Hymmnos language, and more specifically, for all the dialects made during the First Era, since everyone here will surely be interested in learning more about it (and this is also a prerequisite for understanding the Pastalia Hymmnos). I'm trying here to explain as clearly as I can, and to the best of my skill to ensure that all of this info is as correct as possible, so if there is something missing or wrong, please tell me to remedy it.



1 - Origins of Hymmnos:



The Hymmnos language it's a derivation of the language used by the Tsukikanade, the ancient shamans that used magic through spellcasting, but from that language we have only two dialects left: Cult Ciel, which while is still in use, it's mostly forgotten; and Risshizen Tsukuyomi, which has very few speakers, and (still) unknown grammar rules.

After some time, when the first tower of Ar Tonelico was built, the people in charge of the project took the Tsukikanade language and optimized it so it could become a better language for controlling the Tower and its communications.



2 - Basic Grammar:



Hymmnos was designed for stating the emotions of the speaker (or singer), and as such, all the sentences are prefixed by a set of three words called "Emotion Sounds"



Let's take this example:



Was yea ra chs hymmnos mea (I will be glad to turn myself into a song)



The first three words, "Was yea ra", are the Emotion Sounds, and these three words are subdivided in three levels:



Was is Level 1, used for expressing the intensity of the emotion.

yea is Level 2, which it's the emotion itself.

ra is Level 3, which it's used for expressing if you want the emotion to last, or the context where the emotion is being felt.



These are all the known emotion sounds:



Level 1:



Rrha: trance state

Was: Much

Wee: Fairly

Fou: A little

Ma: One's presence of mind

Nn: Lethargy, unconscious state



Level 2:



i - Impatience

yea - Happiness

waa - Happiness

paks - Excitement, nervouseness

num - Nothing

ki - Concentration

wol - Fervor, rush

apea - Immersed in happiness

au - Sadness

granme - Wishing to protect someone, courage

touwaka - Wishful, hiding wishes

quel - Earnestness, despair

yant - Scared, terrified

guwo - Resentment, anger, hatred

jyel - Loneliness

zweie - Sincerity, hiding decisions



Level 3:



ga - I want this to end soon

ra - I want this to last

erra - I want this to last eternally

wa - It doesn't matter, I will accept the current situation

gaya - I will never feel like that again

gagis - I'm all right like this



The rest of the basic grammar is very simple, since it uses this grammar structure:



Verb-Object-Compound or Object



coming back to the example, chs (to turn into) is the verb, hymmnos (song) is the object and mea (my or myself) is the Compound or Object.



Each sentence can only contain a emotion, so you can't input more than a set of emotion sounds per sentence.



And by this point, you must be wondering where the subject is...



Well, since the sentences in hymmnos are first person by default, the subject is usually omitted.



3 - Sentences with a Subject:



But that changes if you want to speak about what someone else is doing. Then, you have to use this structure:



Verb-rre-Subject-Verb-Object-Compound or Object



The "rre" that is before the Subject is the "Subject Definer" (meaning that the noun that it's next to it becomes the subject of the sentence). The first verb in the sentence has the function of saying what you are doing, while the second one is for expressing what the subject is doing. Of course, the sentence is still done in first person, and the Emotion Sounds are only applicable to the speaker. And no sentence can contain more than a subject, so the Subject Definer can be employed only once.



Example:



Wee ki ra hyma rre aquagon pagle wart (I will concentrate myself in hearing the words that aquagon says)



And as a final note for this section, both the subject definer and the first verb are omitted if the subject is a pronoun or if the subject it's used as a object.



This a little more complicated, but you will able to get it with a little of practice.



4 - Pronouns:



The pronouns have two ways to be used: as objects or as subjects, and they change slightly depending on how they are used.



You - Used as Object: yor - Used as Subject: yorr

You (plural) - Used as Object: yora - Used as Subject: yorra

He - Used as Object: hes - Used as Subject: herr

They (masculine) - Used as Object: hers - Used as Subject: herra

She - Used as Object: has - Used as a Subject: harr

They (feminine) - Used as Object: hars - Used as Subject: harra



5 - Particles:



If you need to use particles (or as we also know them, prepositions), you just have to put them between the verb and the object, but this it's only used if the action of the verb affects anything that's not yourself.



For example, it´s used here:



Was yea erra melenas tes ar ciel (I will be eternally glad to give my love to this world)



With "tes" (to) being the particle.



But not here:



Was yea ra sonwe hymmnos mea (I will be glad to sing my song)



6 - Adjectives:



The adjectives always come before the noun that they are affecting, as we can see here:



Ridalnae sol ciel (Irreplaceable world)

tyui frawr (Small flower)



7 - Passive Voice:



If you want to change a verb to passive voice, you only have to add a "re" before the verb that you want to modify.



Example:



Was ki ra gyuss lir (I'm embracing the light)



And now, adding the "re" to change it to passive voice:



Was ki ra re gyuss lir (I'm being embraced by the light)



8 - Negative Form of Verbs



If you want to turn a verb into its negative form, just add "na" before the verb you want to modify.



Example:



Was yea ra chs Hymmnos yor (I am happy because I will turn you into a song)



and modifying it:



Was yea ra na chs Hymmnos (I am happy because I won't turn you into a song)



However, remember that this mechanism also affects nouns, making them the opposite of what they should be.



Example:



yehah (happiness)



And adding the "na" before it:



na yehah (unhappiness, sadness)



9 - Noun phrases indicating ownership:



If two nouns are put one in front of other, then it means that one noun "owns the other". However, there isn't an actual rule for indicating which noun owns what, so it's often necessary to depend on common sense to know it.



For example:



Aurica forlinden (Aurica's village)

Revatail Ciel (Reyvateil's world)

Sarla Mea (My song)

Hyzik yor (Your body)



But there's another way, using the "oz" particle. When it's used, the noun that comes before it it's "owned" by the noun that it's after it,



Example:



Hymmnos oz faura (the song of the little birds)

sarla oz soare (the song of prayers)



10 - Position marking:



If you want to indicate that something it's inside or over something, you have to use the particle "ween" for inside, "won" for over, and "folten" for before and in front of (there isn't a particle for below), and put it after the noun that indicates the position.



Examples:



dor won (over the earth)

kapa ween (in the water)

forlinden folten (in front of the village)



11 - Advanced Grammar Rules:



a) Emotion Sounds Keeper Definer Syntax:



This structure is for repeating the same set of emotion sounds through various sentences. Even if it's a advanced gramar

rule, actually it's very simple. It's used in the following way:



(Emotion Sounds) 0x vvi. (Keeper Definer Start)



(Text)



1x AAs ixi. (Keeper Definer End)



It means that everything that it's between both lines (0x vvi and 1x AAs ixi) will have always the same set of emotion sounds.

"0x vvi" it's pronounced: "Oku vivi"; and "1x AAs ixi" it's pronounced: "Iku AAs ixi".



For example:



Was yea erra 0x vvi ("Was yea ra" Keeper Definer Start)

chs hymmnos mea (I will be eternally happy to turn into a song)

hymme rre walasye hyma mea (I will be eternally happy that the people hears me)

sonwe anw sol ciel (I will be eternally happy to sing to the world)

rre ar ciel hyma hynne mea (And I will be eternally happy that the world hears me)

1x AAs ixi (Keeper Definer End)

Wee apea ra rre yor melenas (I will be very happy to love you)



It's the exactly the same as:



Was yea erra chs hymmnos mea

Was yea erra hymme rre walasye hyma mea

Was yea erra sonwe anw sol ciel

Was yea erra rre sol ciel hyma hynne mea

Wee apea ra rre yor melenas



b) Binasphere:



Ok, everyone pay close attention here, since this is the HARDEST part to understand in all the standard Hymmnos grammar. It's used to fuse two lines of text and write them as if they were one. It's better to explain it together with a example for easier understanding.



Was yea ra chs hymmnos yor (I will be glad to turn you into a song)

en chsee fwal fwal yor (and then, I shall spread out your wings)



First, we take the two lines, and then, we break up and reorganize them as we want in one line, writing them all in caps and adding a x to the end of the syllables that were part of a broken word. The x isn't added if the syllable was the ending of one of the original words, as we can see below:



=> WAx EN YEx CHx A SEE RA CHS FWx HYMMx AL NOS FWAL YOR YOR



Then we assign them a number: 0 for the syllables from the original first line and 1 for the ones from the original second line:



=> WAx EN YEx CHx A SEE RA CHS FWx HYMMx AL NOS FWAL YOR YOR

0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1



Then we have to make the Binasphere Formula for the song. To make it, first we have to write this: EXEC_hymme 2X1/0>>formula



The word formula is replaced with the number string that we got after assigning the 0s and 1s to the syllables. In this example, the formula would be: 010101001010101. And thus, the complete formula for the example it's: EXEC_hymme 2X1/0>>010101001010101



The formula is always placed at the end of the song, and a song can't have more than a Binasphere formula. If you want to use Binasphere again in the same song, then the lyrics have to adjust to the formula that was made first. The => (pronounced Tab) it's used to mark the point where the Binasphere lines start.



And to decipher a Binasphere, it's done like this:



Example taken from the EXEC_NULLASCENSION/. lyrics:



=> RRHA RRHA GUWO Ax GAx PEx GIS A GAx TIE INNx

GIS NA GRAN GAx PAUL NOx TYUNY INI SAASH AR YANJE

CIEL EN INI LA ZAx AR HHA CIEL RRHA RRHA Ax GUWO

GA PEx GAx A TYUNY RA HARx AR CIEL

TES EN YORA INI CHYET WAx SOR GAx LAx TYUNx SYEx LA

FORx GANx ART SA DAL FAYx WASSA RA CIEL

EXEC hymme 2x1/0>>01101010



We have to reassign the formula to its syllables, but since this Binasphere formula it's shorter than the total lines of lyric, we have to keep looping the formula until we reach the end of the song (the / isn't used actually, I'm only using it in the example to mark the places where the formula it's being looped):



=> RRHA RRHA GUWO Ax GAx PEx GIS A GAx TIE INNx

0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 / 0 1 1



GIS NA GRAN GAx PAUL NOx TYUNY INI SAASH AR YANJE

0 1 0 1 0 / 0 1 1 0 1 0



CIEL EN INI LA ZAx AR HHA CIEL RRHA RRHA Ax GUWO

1 0 / 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 / 0 1



GA PEx GAx A TYUNY RA HARx AR CIEL

1 0 1 0 1 0 / 0 1 1



TES EN YORA INI CHYET WAx SOR GAx LAx TYUNx SYEx LA

0 1 0 1 0 / 0 1 1 0 1 0 1



FORx GANx ART SA DAL FAYx WASSA RA CIEL

0 / 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0



Note: The final loop has to end in the final syllable of the song.



After that, we only have to put the syllables and words together in their respective lines, as its shown by the formula.

This is how the lines look after they have been deciphered:



First line:



Rrha apea gagis gran paul nosaash yanje en ini ar ciel (In this delightful trance, I feel that the way will be opened, for the goddess to purify this world forever)



Second line:



Rrha guwo gagis tie inna gatyuny ini ar ciel la zahha (In this trance of hatred, I shall tie this curse to the inside of my mind, and then, I shall purify and make advance this world)



First line:



Rrha apea ra hartes yora chyet walasye forgandal wassa ciel (In the midst of this trance of delight, I will love your special persons, because of the festival of the world)



Second line:



Rrha guwo ga gatyuny ar ciel en ini sor gatyunla art sa fayra (In this transient anger, I shall purify this accursed world through the flames of the hell)



9) Other Notes:



a) About Emotionless Sentences:



Normally, if the sentence doesn't has a emotion sound preceeding it, then it uses the same emotion sounds from the sentence

that came before it. But if none of the sentences have emotion sounds (and if the sentences aren't using the Emotion Sound Keeper Definer Syntax), then the Tower can't process it as a spell, and ends processing it as a simple song, used only to convey feelings but not to execute any kind of magic.



Example taken from the EXEC_HARMONIOUS/. lyrics:



Faura yerwe murfan anw sol ciel (The little birds chirp their feelings to the world)

Faura sonwe murfan anw sol ciel ee (The little birds sing their feelings to the people)

Ridalnae sol ciel yanyaue manaf (This irreplaceable world, and these precious lives)

Presia yasra lusye enclone anw omnis (Wish that the light of love would flood from the sun and wrap everything)

Faura selena anw Metafalica (The little birds play the song of hope)



As we can see, none of the sentences in there have emotion sounds, since this song was used only to convey Mir's original feelings back to her, not to execute any programs or functions inside the Tower.



b) Double Register of Emotion Sounds:



Even if writing the Emotion Sounds in a sentence when using the Emotion Sound Keeper Definer Syntax is nonsense, it still can be done. It's only made if you want to make a change in emotion between two parts that continue having the same emotions, since when processing the song, the Tower gives priority to the Emotion Sounds written in a sentence over the ones written for the Keeper Definer Syntax.



Example:



Wee apea ra 0x vvi. (I will be inmersed in happiness)

her ar ciel irs (I'm inmersed in happiness because I exist in this world

hyma rre faur sonwe (I'm inmersed in happiness for listening to the singing of the birds)

Was yea erra sonwe hymmnos mea (I will be eternally happy to sing my song)

sonwe sos rre ar ciel (I'm inmersed in happiness singing for the sake of this world)

1x AAS ixi.



As we see, the fourth sentence changes it's emotion, to return to how it was before in the next sentence.





Well, that's all. I hope that I have put simple enough in there, and if something it's hard to understand, or some parts are wrong or need some additional info, tell me and I will try to add more to it. And lot of thanks for spending your time reading this!



And if you want to check how much you have learnt, you can aid yourself with this and with the song lyrics:



http://conlang.wikia.com/wiki/Hymmnos



The dictionary in there will be surely a lot of help for you.

Tidak ada komentar:

Posting Komentar