Rabu, 18 Januari 2012

Solifugae, Terrific, but small.

              Solifugae are an order of Arachnida, known as camel spiderswind scorpions and sun spidersor solifuges, comprising more than 1,000 described species in about 153 genera. They may grow to a length of 300 mm (12 in) including legs, and have a body comprising an opisthosoma(abdomen) and a prosoma (head) with conspicuously large chelicerae, which are also used for stridulation. Most species live in deserts and feed opportunistically on ground-dwelling arthropods and other animals. A number of urban legends exaggerate the size and speed of Solifugae, and their potential danger to humans.

The name Solifugae derives from Latin, and means "those that flee from the sun". The order is also known by the names Solpugida, Solpugides, Solpugae, Galeodea and Mycetophorae. Their common names include camel spiderwind scorpionjerrymunglum, sun scorpion and sun spider. In southern Africa they are known by a host of names including red romanshaarskeerders("hair cutters") andbaardskeerders ("beard cutters"), the latter two relating to the belief they use their formidable jaws to clip hair from humans and animals to line their subterranean nests.

Bite from a Solifugae:

    windscorpions lack venom glands, their powerful jaws are capable of inflicting painful bites.
Reports of camel spiders chasing people, are simply a result of their seeking shade from the 
sun—as the person moves to avoid the camel spider, it follows them in an effort to stay in the 
shade thus giving the impression of being chased.   Tales of their ferocity and gargantuan sizes 
are greatly exaggerated. They do not attack or prey on large mammals, and they feed on a 
variety of other invertebrates. Situational awareness and avoidance are the keys to avoiding 
camel spider

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